Drive multi-combination vehicle

This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to drive a multi-combination vehicle safely, including systematic and efficient control of all vehicle functions, coupling and uncoupling of dollies, monitoring of traffic and road conditions, management of vehicle condition and performance, and effective management of hazardous situations. Assessment of this unit may be undertaken within a licensing examination conducted by, or under the authority of, the relevant state/territory Road Traffic Authority. Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements are applicable to this unit.


Driving must be carried out in compliance with the licence requirements and regulations of the relevant state/territory roads and traffic authority pertaining to multi-combination vehicles.

Driving is performed with limited or minimum supervision, with limited accountability and responsibility for self and others in achieving the prescribed outcomes.

Driving involves the application of routine vehicle driving principles and procedures to maintain the safety and operation of a commercial multi-combination vehicle across a variety of driving contexts.


Not Applicable

Elements and Performance Criteria



1Drive the multi-combination vehicle

1.1 The multi-combination vehicle is started, steered, manoeuvred, positioned and stopped in accordance with traffic regulations and manufacturers instructions

1.2 Engine power is managed to ensure efficiency and performance and to minimise engine and transmission damage

1.3 Braking system of multi-combination vehicle is managed and operated to ensure effective control of the vehicle under all conditions

1.4 Driving hazards are identified and/or anticipated and avoided or controlled through defensive driving

1.5 The multi-combination vehicle is driven in reverse, maintaining visibility and achieving accurate positioning

1.6 The multi-combination vehicle is parked, shut down, uncoupled and secured according to manufacturers specifications, traffic regulations and workplace procedures

1.7 Appropriate signage, lights and the like are checked for operational effectiveness and for conformity to prescribed traffic regulations

1.8 Appropriate procedures are followed in the event of a driving emergency

2Monitor traffic and road conditions

2.1 The most efficient and permissible route of travel is taken through monitoring and anticipation of traffic flows and conditions, road standards and other factors likely to cause delays or route deviations

2.2 Traffic and road conditions are constantly monitored and acted upon to enable safe operation and to ensure no injury to people or damage to property, equipment, loads and facilities

3Monitor and maintain vehicle performance

3.1 Vehicle performance is maintained through pre-operational inspections and checks of the vehicle

3.2 Prime mover, dollies and trailer are aligned and coupled in proper sequence in accordance with manufacturers instructions and workplace procedures

3.3 Coupled vehicle is checked and tested to ensure it is correctly secured and to confirm that it is fully operational

3.4 Performance and efficiency of vehicle operation is monitored during use

3.5 Defective or irregular performance or malfunctions are reported to the appropriate authority

3.6 Vehicle records are maintained/updated and information is processed in accordance with workplace procedures

Required Skills


This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit.

Required knowledge:

Relevant road rules, regulations, permit and licence requirements of the relevant state/territory road traffic authority

Relevant OH&S and environmental procedures and regulations

Multi-combination vehicle controls, instruments and indicators and their use

Multi-combination vehicle handling procedures

Workplace driving and operational instructions

Engine power management and safe driving strategies

Efficient driving techniques

Pre-operational checks carried out on multi-combination vehicle and related action

Differences between transmission types

Principles of operation of air brakes and procedures for their use

Driving hazards and related defensive driving techniques

Map reading and road navigation techniques

Factors which may cause traffic delays and diversions and related action that can be taken by a driver

Principles of stress management when driving a vehicle

Causes and effects of fatigue on drivers

Factors which increase fatigue-related accidents

Fatigue management strategies including on-road techniques

Lifestyles which promote the effective long-term management of fatigue

Required skills:

Communicate effectively with others when driving a multi-combination vehicle

Read and interpret instructions, procedures, information and signs relevant to the driving of a multi-combination vehicle

Interpret and follow operational instructions and prioritise work

Complete documentation related to the driving of a multi-combination vehicle

Operate electronic communication equipment to required protocol

Work collaboratively with others when driving a multi-combination vehicle

Adapt appropriately to cultural differences in the workplace, including modes of behaviour and interactions with others

Promptly report and/or rectify any identified problems, faults or malfunctions that may occur when driving a multi-combination vehicle in accordance with regulatory requirements and workplace procedures

Implement contingency plans for unexpected events when driving a multi-combination vehicle

Apply precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate hazards that may exist during the driving of a multi-combination vehicle

Monitor and anticipate traffic hazards and take appropriate action

Modify activities depending on differing operational contingencies, risk situations and environments

Apply fatigue management knowledge and techniques

Work systematically with required attention to detail without injury to self or others, or damage to goods or equipment

Operate and adapt to differences in equipment in accordance with standard operating procedures

Select and use required personal protective equipment conforming to industry and OH&S standards

Monitor performance of vehicle, its trailers and its equipment and take appropriate action where required

Service vehicle and its equipment in terms of maintenance schedule and standard operating procedures

Check and replenish fluids and carry out lubrication processes in the course of work activities

Evidence Required

The evidence guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the performance criteria, required knowledge and skills, the range statement and the assessment guidelines for this Training Package.

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit

The evidence required to demonstrate competency in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria of this unit and include demonstration of applying:

the underpinning knowledge and skills

relevant legislation and workplace procedures

other relevant aspects of the range statement

Context of and specific resources for assessment

Performance is demonstrated consistently over a period of time and in a suitable range of contexts

Resources for assessment include:

a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or other simulated practical and knowledge assessment, and/or

access to an appropriate range of relevant operational situations in the workplace

In both real and simulated environments, access is required to:

relevant and appropriate materials and equipment, and

applicable documentation including workplace procedures, regulations, codes of practice and operation manuals

Method of assessment

Assessment of this unit must be undertaken by a registered training organisation

As a minimum, assessment of knowledge must be conducted through appropriate written/oral tests

Practical assessment must occur:

through activities in an appropriately simulated environment at the registered training organisation, and/or

in an appropriate range of situations in the workplace

Range Statement

The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different work environments and situations that may affect performance.

Type of vehicle includes:

all multi-combination vehicles that may be driven on public and private roads and work sites

Driving may be carried out in typical road transport situations, including:

operations conducted at day or night

typical weather conditions

on the open road

on a private road

while at a depot, base or warehouse

while at a client's workplace or work site

Vehicle handling procedures may include:

starting a vehicle

steering and manoeuvring a vehicle

accelerating and braking

positioning and stopping a vehicle

reversing a vehicle

operating vehicle controls, instruments and indicators

using air brakes

using defensive driving techniques

managing engine performance

Pre-operational checks may include:

visual check of vehicle

checking and topping up of fluid levels

checks of tyre pressures

checks of operation of vehicle lights and indicators

checks of brakes

checks of coupling equipment

Minor routine repairs may include:

replacement of blown globes in vehicle lights

replacement of broken fan belt

replacement of blown fuse

replacement of door mirrors

repairs to rear tail-light lens

changing of tyres

repair of tyre punctures

replacement of broken coolant hose

Driving hazards may include (examples only):

wet and iced roads

oil on road

animals and objects on road

fire in vehicle

leaking fuel

faulty brakes

parked vehicles on the road

faulty steering mechanism on vehicle

pedestrians crossing the road

flooded sections of road

windy sections of road

foggy conditions

Factors that can cause traffic delays and diversions may include (examples only):

traffic accidents

flooded sections of road

road damage

bridge/tunnel damage

road works

building construction

emergency situations such as bushfires, building fires, etc.

road closures for special events such as marches, parades, etc.

holiday traffic

road closures for utility works such as electricity, water, sewerage, telecommunications, gas, etc.

Depending on the type of organisation concerned and the local terminology used, workplace procedures may include:

company procedures

enterprise procedures

organisational procedures

established procedures

Documentation/records may include:

state/territory multi-combination vehicle driving licence/permit requirements

state/territory road rules

workplace driving instructions and procedures

vehicle manufacturers instructions, specifications and recommended driving procedures including preoperational checks of vehicle

emergency procedures

vehicle log book or record book (where required)

Applicable procedures and codes may include:

relevant state/territory roads and traffic authority driving regulations and licence/permit requirements pertaining to multi-combination vehicles

relevant state/territory road rules

relevant state/territory OH&S legislation

relevant state/territory fatigue management regulations

relevant state/territory environmental protection legislation


Not Applicable

Employability Skills

This unit contains employability skills.

Licensing Information

Refer to Unit Descriptor