Conduct heavy vehicle learner driver training


This unit involves the skills and knowledge required to teach heavy vehicle learner drivers from diverse backgrounds how to prepare, explain, demonstrate, monitor and maintain safe heavy vehicle driving skills. This unit applies to heavy vehicle driving instructors.

It includes preparing a learner for driving, explaining driver training outcomes, demonstrating required skills, monitoring and maintaining safe driving skills, interpreting and applying road rules, debriefing learner driver, identifying hazardous situations and implementing contingency plans.

Work is performed without supervision. Heavy vehicle learner driver training involves the application of adult learning principles, instructional methods training competence and experience, higherorder heavy vehicle driving expertise, navigation skills, road law expertise, routine procedures and regulatory requirements across a range of operational situations and a variety of driving contexts.

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

Elements and Performance Criteria



Elements describe the essential outcomes.

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.


Prepare for heavy vehicle learner driver training


Learner driver training and appropriate route requirements are planned prior to training commencement


Availability of relevant learning resources and learning materials is identified


Learner driver records and current skill/knowledge level are reviewed, and appropriate prerequisite training and performance is confirmed


Hazards are identified and required action is taken to minimise, control and eliminate identified hazards


Learner driver knowledge of road rules, vehicle controls and driving techniques is confirmed


Learner driver is briefed about training outcomes based on prescribed performance criteria and required training plans


Learner driver required knowledge for each skill activity is confirmed


Learner driver understanding of training outcomes, required knowledge, vehicle operations and control techniques, and planned sequences, is confirmed


Demonstrate and instruct required skill


Vehicle operation and controls are explained to learner driver in accordance with training plans


Driving skill is demonstrated in a safe environment at normal operating speed, in a smooth and competent manner, and again at slow speed, and each step is explained


Instructions and explanations are provided in a clear, concise, systematic and timely manner


Manoeuvres are introduced in a manageable, progressive manner while being aware of learner driver limitations


Tasks are demonstrated to learner driver and performed to specified standards through coordinated and controlled inputs, in a smooth and controlled manner, using accepted handling techniques and appropriate instructional techniques


Learner driver is directed through task performance using appropriate levels of information, explanation and feedback, consistent with learner driver progress


Monitor and maintain safe heavy vehicle driving skills of learner driver


Learner driver is monitored through task performance using appropriate levels of information, explanation and feedback, consistent with learner driver progress


Segmented tasks are integrated progressively in accordance with established training plan


Interventions are made as required to assist learner driver progress and maintain vehicle safety


Situational awareness is maintained while providing driving instruction


Learner driver is provided with sufficient opportunity to practise techniques through assisted and unassisted practice sequences


Learner driver limitations are assessed, monitored and managed throughout training sequences


Debrief learner driver


Learner driver performance is noted for recording learner driver performance, debriefing and assessment purposes


Learner driver strengths and development needs are identified through feedback, and additional instruction and demonstration are provided as required


Learner driver is encouraged to develop self-assessment skills during debriefing sequence


Learner driver achievement against training outcome for lesson and associated performance criteria, is assessed


Effective interpersonal and communication skills are used when providing and receiving learner driver feedback about training performance


Results for learner driver training are recorded and post-drive administration is completed


Identify hazardous situations and implement contingency plans


Potential hazardous situations are identified and assessed, and needs are prioritised in accordance with emergency management plan and procedures


Contingency measures are considered in accordance with emergency management plan and procedures


Relevant services are consulted in an emergency or hazardous situation in accordance with emergency management plan and procedures


Reports and documentation are completed in accordance with required procedures

Evidence of Performance

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria on at least one occasion and include:

anticipating and avoiding collisions

anticipating traffic hazards

applying precautions and required action to minimise, control or eliminate hazards that may exist

assisting learner drivers to develop lowrisk driving behaviours

communicating effectively with learner drivers

completing and maintaining documentation

complying with road rules for each state/territory

dealing with and adjusting to diverse driving environments

demonstrating and instructing learner drivers in vehicle operation and control

engaging and motivating learner drivers

implementing work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) requirements and practices when:

conducting prestart-up checks

identifying hazards

minimising, controlling or eliminating hazards

observing and interpreting learner driver behaviour that may put people at risk

making correct response judgements

monitoring learner driver progress by:

assessing learner driver interaction with others

identifying learner driver concerns/areas for improvement

monitoring learner driver acquisition of new skills, knowledge and competency requirements

recognising learner driver readiness to take on new skills and tasks

maintaining personal skill development

managing time effectively to:

ensure all learning objectives are covered

pace learning

obeying road rules, making safe decisions in stressful situations, and instructing learner drivers to take appropriate action

reading and analysing learner driver information

reading and following learning programs and plans

reading and interpreting relevant legislation

using verbal and non-verbal communication techniques to:

ask relevant and appropriate questions

demonstrate skills


provide explanations

provide clear information

working effectively with learner drivers by:

establishing trust

maintaining a calm demeanour

maintaining appropriate relationships

maintaining tolerance

providing constructive feedback

recognising and being sensitive to individual difference and diversity

using appropriate body language.

Evidence of Knowledge

Evidence required to demonstrate competence in this unit must be relevant to and satisfy all of the requirements of the elements and performance criteria and include knowledge of:

adult learning principles

content and requirements of relevant learning program and/or training plan

content of learning resources and learning materials

emergency management plans and procedures

heavy vehicle operation and control including:

cabin drill

bus stop procedures


hill stop/start

load securing

managing accelerator

managing brakes

managing engine power

managing gear changing

managing steering


starting, moving off, shutting down and securing

learner characteristics and needs

learning principles and learning styles

lowrisk driving behaviours including:

creating and maintaining crash avoidance space

protecting crash avoidance space

obeying road rules and directions

relevant road rules and traffic safety legislation including:

alcohol and drugs

driver licensing

heavy vehicle registration

heavy vehicle standards

relevant state/territory heavy vehicle driver licensing authority licensing and testing standards

relevant work health and safety (WHS)/occupational health and safety (OHS) issues in the learning environment including:

relevant policies and procedures for hazard identification, risk assessment, reporting requirements, safe use of equipment and emergency management

responsibilities of heavy vehicle learner drivers

risk controls for specific learning environments

roles and responsibilities of key personnel

sources and availability of relevant learning resources and learning materials

training techniques that enhance learning and when to use them.

Assessment Conditions

As a minimum, assessors must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

As a minimum, assessment must satisfy applicable regulatory requirements, which include requirements in the Standards for Registered Training Organisations current at the time of assessment.

Final assessment must occur in a heavy vehicle typical of the class that is used in industry and on a variety of road conditions.

Assessment processes and techniques must be appropriate to the language, literacy and numeracy requirements of the work being performed and the needs of the candidate.

Resources for assessment include:

a range of relevant exercises, case studies and/or simulations

applicable documentation including:

Australian Road Rules

codes of practice

heavy vehicle driver regulations

heavy vehicle operation manuals

relevant state/territory driver licensing and testing standards

road traffic legislation

workplace procedures

relevant materials, tools, equipment and personal protective equipment currently used in industry

suitable heavy vehicle that meets the class required.

Foundation Skills

Foundation skills essential to performance are explicit in the performance criteria of this unit of competency.

Range Statement

Range is restricted to essential operating conditions and any other variables essential to the work environment.

Non-essential conditions can be found in the Companion Volume Implementation Guide.


Not applicable.

Competency Field

M – Training and Assessment